The academic program Guide is a comprehensive document detailing course scheme, associated credits per course and the distribution of each course in lecture, tutorial and Practical hours. It also details the eligibility criteria for admission, for award of degree, the assessment and evaluation procedures along with a glimpse of the pedagogical aspects of the programs.
This Guide is to be used in association with the Academic Regulations of the University to make a complete rule set. The course schemes given in this document are approved by respective Board of Studies and the Academic Council of Chitkara University.
The Course code gives information about the course and is derived using Table in Appendix A.
The student seeking admission in B.Sc Allied Health Sciences program should have minimum 60% marks in 12th grade or equivalent exam with Chemistry and Physics as compulsory subjects. The admission is based purely on merit. During admission process, the University follows reservation policy as decided by the State.
The duration of the B.Sc. program is three years - divided into 6 semesters which includes the final two semesters of internship at Fortis Hospital in various departments. There is University end term examination at the end of each semester, except in the case of Internship at Industry, which is evaluated by a jury appointed by the University. The maximum duration of completion of degree is 5 years.
The Program being highly rigorous, all the students are expected to show utmost regularity in attendance. Even a day’s absence is detrimental to student’s interest. Therefore, University’s requirements in this regard are very stringent.
The university expects its students to be regular in attending the classes. 75% attendance (of all held sessions – lectures, tutorials, project work) is compulsory in a course in order to be eligible to appear for End Term Examination. The students are also encouraged for participation in co – curricular activities and can do so in the 25% cushion provided in the attendance requirements. (The participation in Co-Curricular activities is evaluated in a credit course in each semester).In case of extreme medical emergencies, 10% concession in attendance requirements is possible but at the sole discretion of the Vice Chancellor on the recommendation of Dean of School.
There is no weightage for attendance in evaluation criteria.
Chitkara University offers I year rotatory internship at Fortis Hospital Mohali
The structural layout of the program and its courses requires that each course be divided in lecture, tutorial and practical sessions. Duration of each session as given in the column against the course in the course scheme is 55minutes.
Lecture sessions: Lectures are delivered by traditional - chalk board method, supplemented by modern Information Communication technology (ICT) methods. The students are encouraged to ask questions and involve in group discussion to the extent allowed by the teacher. In some subjects where case study based methodology is adopted, the lectures are supplemented by discussions on case studies.
Tutorial Sessions: The tutorial sessions where relevant and applicable are conducted with small groups of students interacting with the teacher, solving application oriented analytical problems. The tutorial sessions are very interactive and inculcate problem solving skills in the students.
Lab / Practical Sessions: During lab / practical sessions, the students work on prescribed list of experiments and do what they have learnt in the Lecture / Tutorial sessions.
The evaluation will be continuous and the weightage of various components are as given in Table 1 (For Thoery courses) and in Table 2 (for Practical Courses).
|Quizzes /Assignments/ Presentation/Class Test/ Open Book Test/ Case Study||20|
|Sessional Tests (STs)||20|
|End Term Examination||60|
There are three Sessional Tests (STs) for all theory papers, the average of best two are considered. The policy on the evaluation component - 'Quizzes / Tutorials / Assignments' is decided by the course coordinator and HoD and is announced separately for each course. The End Term examination for practical courses includes conduct of experiment and an oral examination (viva voce).
|Lab Performance / File work||40|
|Internal Viva - Voce||20|
|Assessment of their monthly performance in various labs||30|
|Presentations/Tests/Viva/Quiz ( at Fortis )||30|
|Attendance (for whole year )||10|
|Project + Viva||30|
The medium of examination is English. Criteria to Pass Examination: Based on the marks obtained by the student in a particular course as described in tables above, the grade in that course is obtained, in accordance with the table 3
|%Marks Range of total||Grade||Qualitative Meaning||Grade points|
If a student obtains grade D or above, he is declared pass in that subject. The grade E is equivalent to being fail in that subject, in which case, the student has to reappear in the end term examination of that subject again, whenever its exam is conducted again with the regular examination, after payment of appropriate examination fee. If the student is detained from appearing in the end term examination because of shortage of attendance in the regular semester or is absent in the end term exam, his grade in that subject is 'I', till he/she appears again in the end term examination and obtains a new grade.
In addition to conditions given in section 8 of Academic Regulations, a CGPA of 4.5 is required to receive degree in any of the Engineering Programs. The minimum credits to be earned are given in table 5
|Course / Year||B.Com (Honors)B.Sc. Allied Health Sciences(MLT)|
Program Name: B.Sc. Allied Health Sciences
Duration: 3 years (Normal)
Objective of Programme:
|HSL3109||Human Anatomy I||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSL3103||Human Physiology I||3+0+0=3||3|
|CAL2111||Fundamentals of Computer Applications||2+0+0=2||2|
|HSL4107||General Microbiology & Immunology||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSL3107||Human Biology for Allied Health Sciences||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSP1107||General Microbiology & Immunology Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1109||Human Anatomy I Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1103||Human Physiology I Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1105||General Biochemistry Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|CAP1111||Basics of Computer Applications Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSL3120||Human Anatomy II||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSL3118||Human Physiology II||3+0+0=3||3|
|AML3104||Research Methodology for Health Sciences||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSL4108||Microbiology (Bacteriology, Serology & Virology)||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSL4112||Fundamentals of Medical Lab Technology||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSP1120||Human Anatomy II Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1118||Human Physiology II Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1108||Microbiology (Bacteriology, Serology & Virology) Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1110||General Hematology Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSL4203||Immunohematology & Blood Banking||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSL4205||Clinical Biochemistry II||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSL4207||Microbiology (Mycology &Parasitology)||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSP1203||Immunohematology & Blood Banking Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1205||Clinical Biochemistry 1 Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1207||Microbiology (Mycology & Parasitology) Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1209||Clinical Haematology Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSP1211||Clinical Pathology Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSL3204||Histology & Histopathology||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSL4212||Histopathological and Cytological techniques||4+0+0=4||4|
|HSW4202||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques||3+1+0=4||3.5|
|HSL4208||Clinical Biochemistry II||3+1+0=4||3.5|
|HSL3202||Introduction to Health and Health System||3+0+0=3||3|
|HSP2212||Histopathological and Cytological techniques labs||0+0+4=4||2|
|HSP1208||Clinical Biochemistry II Lab||0+0+2=2||1|
|HSW4204||Field Visit and report submission||4+0+0=4||4|
|HST8301||Clinical Pathology||2 months||8|
|HST8302||Clinical Biochemistry||2 months||8|
|HST8303||Clinical Microbiology||2 months||8|
|HST8304||Histopathology & Cytology||2 months||8|
|HST8306||Blood Banking||2 months||8|
|-||Project and Viva||At end of internship||12|
Scope of Anatomy and basic terminology used- Its divisions; Terms of location, position, planes Cell; Structure of the cell and its components; Elementary Tissues of the Human body Glands; Classification; Subtypes– Connective, muscular, nervous, epithelial tissue. Cartilage & bone, Abnormalities in tissue, Osseous System, Types of bones and joints. All major bones and joints of skeleton i.e. extremities, skull, thorax and; vertebral column; Cartilage, muscles; Haemopoietic system; Blood – Composition, Different types of cells. Lymph and Lymphatic System; Lymph and tissue fluid, main glands and drainage area in lymphatic system, lymphoid tissue and tonsils; Spleen; Cardiovascular System: size, location, coverings, chambers, blood supply, nerve supply and blood vessels- structure, function, blood circulation and purification, major vessels of circulatory system. Systemic and pulmonary circulation. Respiratory system: Anatomy of Respiratory organs Nasal passage, Paranasal sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, lungs, pleura, the blood supply to organs, nature and function of respiration.Suggested Book(s):
Scope of Physiology and basic terminology used - its divisions; Cell: Functions of the cell, cell division; Elementary Tissues of the Human body ; Glands: Functions Organization of Body Cells, Tissues, Organs, Systems; Membranes & Glands : Transportation across cell membrane, Active, Passive ,Osmosis ,Phagocytosis; Osseous System, Functions of bones ‘ Healing of Fractures and Wounds ,Cartilage, muscles’ NM Junction and’ transmission, Muscle contraction , Tetany, tone, fatigue, Rigor mortis, Haemopoietic system, Blood –Functions, RBC, WBC, Platelets:, functions, count, Physiological variations of their count Polycythemia, leukocytosis etc. Erythropoiesis, Leucopoiesis, Blood grouping, significance, Mechanism of coagulation, Determination of blood volume and regulation of blood volume , Body fluid, pH, normal values, variation and regulation, Lymph and Lymphatic System: Lymphoid Tissue Formulation, composition and circulation of lymph Basic Physiology and functions of , Spleen’ Cardiovascular System: Physiology of Heart, Blood Vessels and Circulation and purification, blood Supply to heart, major vessels of circulatory system. ECG: Definition, determination, significance, Systemic and pulmonary circulation, Cardiac Cycle-basics, heart sounds, Blood Pressure and its regulation, Respiratory system: Functions of Respiratory organs Respiration, mechanism, regulation Transportation of Respiratory Gases: Transportation of Oxygen: Direction, pressure gradient, forms of transportation Oxygenation of Hb , Quantity of CO2 transported. Spirogram, spirometer Lung volumes and capacities, Applied Physiology of Respiration, Hypoxia, Cyanosis, Asphyxia, Dyspnea, Artificial, ApnoeaSuggested Book(s):
Introduction to Human Biology and the Process of Science, Cell Structure and Function, Tissues structure and function, Organs structure and function, Introduction to all human body system, Nutrition, Metabolism, Heredity, Molecular Biology, Chromosomes and Cell Division, Body Defense Mechanisms, Global Ecology and Human Impacts on the Environment, Medical terminologySuggested Book(s):
Carbohydrates: Definition, Classification, Properties, Functions, metabolism, Digestion and absorption, Blood sugar, Types, Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications, Test for Blood sugar, Proteins: Definition, Classification of proteins and Amino acids, Properties, Structure of amino acids, Color reaction of proteins, Protein Biosynthesis- Transcription, Translation, Digestion, absorption, Metabolism, Synthesis and Degradation of Amino Acids, Plasma Proteins : Components of plasma proteins with functions, Methods of separation, Normal and abnormal electrophoretic patterns, Lipids: Definition, Classification, properties of fatty acids, phospholipids and sterols, Biosynthesis of Lipids , Lipid metabolism, Digestion and Absorption, Metabolism – Synthesis of Fatty Acids, Oxidation of Fatty Acids, Cholesterol Biosynthesis and Regulation, Biologically important compounds synthesized from Cholesterol, Lipotrophic factor, Lab tests: complete lipid profile, Nucleic acid chemistry: Metabolism,, products of hydrolysis, synthesis and degradation of Purines and Pyrimidines,, Nucleotides and Nucleosides, Structure of DNA- primary and secondary, different forms of DNA, RNA- structure , Functions, mRNA. tRNA ,rRNA, Synthesis of DNA, RNA, Proteins, Physical Biochemistry: Definition of Chemistry, its branches, Important terminologies, elements, compounds, Indicators, Preparation of Standard Solutions Grades of Chemical Reagents Percent, Normal, Molar solution, Urolithiasis : Formation of Calculi, Composition and Types of Calculi, Examination of calculiSuggested Book(s):
Introduction to microbiology, History, Classification of Microorganisms, Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes and normal flora of human body, morphology of bacteria, Anatomy and physiology of Cell wall, Flagella, Spores, bacteria, Growth curve, nutritional growth requirements, staining technique, Simple, Negative, Differential, Special, sterilization, Physical methods, Chemical methods, culture medias, Types and uses, Cultural, characteristics Steak Culture, Pour Plate Culture, Stab culture, Anaerobic culture methods, culture and inoculation techniques, Aerobic and anaerobic inoculation technique, Preservation of pure culture, Disposal of culture, bacterial genetics, Transduction, lysogenic Conversion, Conjugation, Antibiotics & antimicrobial sensitivity, Antibacterial and their modes of Action, definition of disinfectants, antiseptics, bactericidal, bateriostatic, Bacteriological Examination, Water, milk and air, Immunity: Introduction, classification, factors effecting immunity, harmful effects of immunity, Antigen : definition, types and properties Antibodies: definition, types or classification , basic structures and properties, Antigen – antibodies reactions, types and its applications, Complement system, Hypersensitivity and auto-immune diseasesSuggested Book(s):
Definition, Scope and Importance of environmental studies, natural resources, its types, conservation and associated problems, Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles, Concept, Structure, functions and Energy flow in an ecosystem, Ecological succession, Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and functions of Forest, Grassland , Desert and Aquatic ecosystem, Biodiversity, its types, values , threats and its conservation, study at global, National and local levels, India as a mega diversity nation ,Hot-spots of biodiversity, Bio-geographical classification and Endangered and endemic species of India, Pollution definition, Causes, effects and control measures of Air, Water, Soil, Marine ,Noise, Thermal, and Radioactive pollution, Solid waste Management--Causes, effects and control measures, Disaster management ,Water conservation, rain water harvesting, and watershed management, Urban problems related to energy ,concern of Resettlement and rehabilitation of people, Environmental Issues and its possible solutions, Environment Protection Act, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,-Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act, Wildlife Protection Act, Forest Conservation Act ,Public awareness for Population growth, Family Welfare Programme, Environment and Human Rights, HIV/AIDS, Women and Child Welfare programs, Role of information Technology in Environment and human health, Visit to a local area to document environmental assets/River /forest grassland/hill/mountain/ /Urban/Rural/industrial/ Agricultural or any local polluted site /Study of simple eco systems/ pond, river, hill slopes, etc.Suggested Book(s): Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses’ by Erach Bharucha, University Grants Commission
Provide basic introduction to the computers, computer software, MS Office, MSWord, basic text formatting, headers and footers, printing documents, using spell checker, Inserting images, using Tables, Mail merging, envelop printing, introduction to macro, MS Excel, Data formatting and custom settings, inserting and deleting row, column , worksheet, renaming worksheet, conditional formatting, formatting data as tables, Filters and Data sorting Formula Writing & Fixing Errors Cell Referencing If-Then-Else & Nested If commands Hyper Linking, Grouping / Ungrouping Introduction to MS Power point, Creating a Presentation Formatting Presentation: Simple Presentation: Custom Presentation, adding Graphics, adding Tables, adding Animation, adding Charts, adding Notes, introduction to Internet, MS Publisher, navigate computer operating systems, Evolution of languages, networks and data structure, understanding of hardware and software and applications in Clinical Labs.Suggested Book(s):
Orientation to the Course and Ice Breakers, PPT on Common Errors in Spoken English, PPT on Common Errors in Functional Grammar, Verbs, Auxiliaries And Modals, Writing Skills, Subject Verb Agreement, Noun and Pronoun Agreement, PPT- Business Communication, Memo, Précis, PPT- formats, Speaking Activity, Tenses- Simple Present Tense, Present Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Speaking Activity, Tenses- Simple Past Tense, Past Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Speaking Activity, Tenses- Simple Future Tense, Future Continuous Tense, Future Perfect Tense, Future Perfect Continuous Tense, Speaking Activity, Prepositions, Writing Skills, Modifiers (Adjectives), Modifiers (Adverbs), Infinitives, Writing Skills, Repetition and Redundancy, Double Negatives, Tag Questions, Speaking Activity, PPT-Interview Skills, Stress Interviews.Suggested Book(s):
Study of various specimen related to systems covered in this semester. Study of various bones. Study of various slides related to systems covered in this semester.Suggested Book(s):
Measurements of BP, Pulse, respiratory rate, study of ECG, first aid box, spirometer.Suggested Book(s): Ester. M. Grishcimer, Anatomy and Physiology with practical considerations, J P Lippin Cott Philadelphia
Biochemical test to analyze the concentration of Carbohydrate, Proteins, Lipids, reactions of carbohydrates, fructose, lactose, sucrose, starch, glycogen, reactions of proteins, colour reactions of albumin, globulin, peptones, reactions of lipids and fats, preparations of standard solutions, normal solutions, molar solutions.Suggested Book(s):
Demonstration of safety rule in microbiology, Working and maintenance of autoclave, Working and maintenance of hot air oven, Preparation of different culture media and biochemical media, Gram staining technique, AFB staining technique, Albert’s staining technique, Study of Motility of Bacteria, Hanging Drop method, Inoculation technique, Isolation and identification of various preserved Bacteria (morphology, colony characteristics, biochemical test), Carbohydrate utilization technique, Urease test, Catalase test, Coagulase test, Oxidase test, IMViC test, Antibiotic Sensitivity Test, Bacteriological examination of water, Bacteriological examination of air, Bacteriological examination of milkSuggested Book(s):
Exercises based on : Computer Operating Systems, Study of software packagesSuggested Book(s)
Digestive System: Components of Digestive system - Mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, Pharynx and esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver and biliary tract, pancreas: Structure and Gross anatomy, liver, pancreas, Gall bladder. Enzymes, Central Nervous System; Brain, Spinal Cord, Anatomy, functions, reflex – Arc, the Brain – Hind Brain, Midbrain-Forebrain – Structure, Location, functions, Meninges, ventricles of brain, meninges and CSF. Peripheral nervous system Injuries to spinal cord, and brain. Autonomic Nervous System; Excretory System Location, Structure of Kidney, ureters, Urinary bladder, urethra, urinary secretion; Reproductive System: Male and Female genitalia, mammary glands, menstruation, pregnancy, lactation; Endocrine System: Basic Anatomy- Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pituitary, Thymus, Adrenals, Pancreas, Gonads; Sense Organs- Eye: Basic Anatomy, Structure of Eye, Field of vision –structure of Retina – Rods and cones, structure and Functions, visual pathway. Ear Nose, taste buds, skinSuggested Book(s):
Digestive System: Function of organs of digestion & accessory organs. Various GI secretions and their role in the digestion and absorption and metabolism, Reticulo-endothelial system, Liver and spleen, bone marrow, Central Nervous System: Functions of Brain, Hind Brain, Midbrain, Forebrain. Injuries to brain, Functions, injuries to Spinal Cord, Reflex Action, Specialized Functions of Brain, Cranial nerves and function, Autonomic Nervous System: functions, Excretory System, Functions of Kidney and Urinary Tract Physiology &Mechanism of Urine formation: Ultra filtration, criteria for filtration, GFR, Plasma fraction. Determination of GFR, selective Reabsorption, sites of reabsorption, substances reabsorbed, mechanisms of Reabsorption Glucose urea, HCl, aminoacids etc. Properties and composition of normal urine, urine output, abnormal constituents in urine, Mechanism of urine concentration, Kidneys, Acid- Base Balance, Reproductive System Male ,Female: Structure & Functions of reproductive & accessory organs Coitus and fertilization, Process of reproduction, reproductive health, Lactation, Composition of milk, factors controlling lactation, Physiology of Menstruation, menstrual cycle , Menopause . Endocrine System, Physiology of Pituitary Situation, master gland - Anterior and Posterior, Anterior Pituitary Hormones, Functions of each one of them, Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Gigantism, Regulation, Hormones and functions of Thyroid and Parathyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, Testis and Ovaries, Sense organs, Physiology of Eye, Ear, Nose, Functions of different parts, Accommodation. Refractive errors of eye and correction, Field of vision – Dark and light adaptation, function of Retina – Rods and cones, structure and Functions. Taste buds, Skin- Body temperature Measurement, Physiological variation, Regulation of Body Temperature by physical chemical and nervous mechanisms, Role of Hypothalamus, Hypothermia and fever.Suggested Book(s):
Introduction to research, research strategies and design, descriptive, analytic epidemiological studies, sampling, bias and confounding, basic risk measurement, tests of significance, association and causation, ethical aspects of health research, construction of research proposal.Suggested Book(s):
Medically important species, Microscopy and morphology, Laboratory diagnosis, Pathogenicity, Cultural characteristics , Serology, Antimicrobial sensitivity, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus , Corneybacterium, Clostridium, Haemophilus, Mycobacterium, Salmonella, Proteus, Vibrio, Pseudomonas, Nisseria, Trponema , Shigella, E.Coli, Mycoplasma, Rickettsia, Chlamydia, Actinomycetes, Borrelia, Leptospira. Serological test: WIDAL TEST, VDRL TEST, ASO TEST, CRP TEST, RIA TEST, ROSE WALER TEST, FLURESCENT ANTIBODY TEST, ELISA, TORCH. Introduction to virology (history), general properties, Classification and structure of viruses, Replication of viruses, LAB DIAGNOSIS : Specimens, Collection, Transportation, cultivation methods of viruses: Animal inoculation technique, Embryonated Egg inoculation technique, Tissue culture technique. Medically important species, morphology, Laboratory diagnosis, Pathogenicity, Serology, STUDY OF: ORTHOMYXOVIRUS (Influenza virus), PARAMYXOVIRUSES (Para-influenza virus), RHABDOVIRUSES (rabies virus), RETROVIRUSES (HIV), PICORNAVISUSES (Polio virus), HEPADANAVIRUSES (Hepatitis B Virus), HERPESVIRUR (Herpes simplex Virus).Suggested Book(s):
Origin, development, maturation of blood cells, composition of blood, collection of blood, hemocytometers, morphology, function & counting of RBCs, WBCs & platelets, increase & decrease of their counts, preparation of blood smears, various stains used, quality control methods, bone marrow aspiration, identification of parasites, malaria, microfilaria, trypanosome, supravital staining technique for reticulocytes, ESR, PCV, hemoglobin structure, function estimation, HbF, sickling phenomenaSuggested Book(s):
Basic lab principles, code of conduct of medical lab personnel, organization & management of clinical laboratory & role of medical lab technician, safety measures, code of conduct, communication skills of lab technicians, all laboratory glassware, calibration of volumetric apparatus, lab instruments, handling & troubleshooting, microscopes, centrifuge, water bath, refrigerator, autoclave, hot air oven, mixer, water distillation, general approach to specimen, collection transport & disposal, anticoagulants, clinical lab records, modern lab setup, layout, quality control & assurance in clinical labs.Suggested Book(s):
Meaning, definition, characteristics, branches & importance of statistics & health science. Parameter & estimates, variables & its types, tabulation of data, frequency curve, probability curve, Ogive, measurement of central tendency, measure of variability, probability & standard distributions, sampling techniques, health indicator.Suggested Book(s):
Orientation to the Course and Ice Breakers, PPT- Importance of Life Skills, Introduction to Interpersonal Skills, Speaking Activity- Role plays, Industry Related Vocabulary and Jargons PPT- Body Language, Speaking Activity- Role plays on Case Studies, Speaking Activity- Role plays on Case Studies, PPT- Power Dressing, PPT- How To Make A Presentation PPT- How to Present A Presentation + Assignment of Topics ,Vocabulary (Verbal ability sheet),Introduction to Business communication (Formal letters) + Writing Practice- Formal Letters, Speaking Activity-Debate, Presentations by Students, Presentations by Students, Presentations by Students-,Vocabulary (Verbal ability sheet),Case studies Case studies- Contd. ,PPT-Group discussion + Mock GD, Speaking Activity-Group discussion- Contd. ,Speaking Activity-Group discussion- Contd.PPT- - Contd.
Study of various specimens, models and charts related to systems covered in this semester. Study of contraceptive devices, Study of various slides related to systems covered in this semester.Suggested Book(s):
Measurement of temperature, physiology of various systems through models and charts.Suggested Book(s):
To study Morphology, microscopy, cultural characteristics, lab diagnosis of various micro-organisms, Bacteriological examination of air, Preparation of blood agar, Preparation of chocolate agar, Antimicrobial sensitivity testing, To perform Widal test for salmonella, To perform VDRL test for Treponema palladium, To perform CRP test, To perform ASO test, To perform RH factor, To perform RPR test, To perform hanging drop method for motility of bacteria,Suggested Book(s):
Collection of blood, capillary blood, Venus blood, thick & thin smear preparation, RBCs, WBCs & platelet count, Romanowsky staining & AFB staining, estimation of ESR, PCV, Hb estimation by sahli’s method & alkalie denaturation method. Slides of various parasites.Suggested Book(s):
General introduction to blood banking, antigen antibody concept, precipitation, flocculation, general management & components of blood bank, ABO blood group system, Rh blood group system, other blood group systems, blood transfusion, screening of blood, anticoagulants used in blood bank, storage of blood, transfusion reaction, component therapy, HLA system, automation & recent developments in blood banking.Suggested Book(s):
Enzymes: Definition, Classification, Properties of enzymes, Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity, Active Site, Coenzyme, Enzyme Inhibition, Mechanism of Enzyme Action, Isoenzymes & their Clinical Significance, nature of Enzymes, km value and its determination, Enzymes in Clinical Diagnosis, Hormones: Introduction, classification, chemistry and function, Hemoglobin: Chemistry, properties, synthesis, metabolism of pigments, Hb derivatives-abHb, Hb electrophoresis, Porphyrins and disorders of Porphyrins , metabolism, chemistry of Porphyrins, Primary disorders & secondary disorders of Haem synthesis, Analytical procedures, Water and Mineral Metabolism: General consideration, regulation of Water. Phenomenon of thirst, mineral metabolism- Ca, Na, Cl, K,P, Water and Electrolyte Balance, estimation of serum electrolytes, Vitamins: Introduction, Classification, Chemistry, Clinical Significance, Acid Base balance: Acid Base balance , Buffers of Blood, Blood pH, Methods of determination of blood pHSuggested Book(s):
Introduction to mycology; characteristics and Common fungal infections; Lab Diagnosis; Different specimens; Collection & transportation; Culture medias and Staining techniques; introduction, A-etiology, pathogenicity, lab diagnosis and treatment of Superficial Cutaneous Mycoses ( Taenia nigra, Piedra, Dermatophytosis), Subcutaneous Mycosis (Mycetoma, Sporotrichosis, Chromoblastomycosis, Rinosporidiosis, Lobomycosis), Systemic Mycosis (Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Coccidomycosis, Paracoccidomycosis), Opportunistic Mycosis (Candidiasis, Cryptococcosis, Pencilliosis, Aspergillosis, Zygomycosis), Oculomycosis, Otomycosis, Mycotic poisoning; Introduction to parasites; Classification, Morphology, important developmental stages, Symptoms, Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, Lab Diagnosis of parasitic infections of Protozoa(Entamoeba, Trichomonas, Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Giardia, Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, Isospora, Balantidium, Cryptosporidium, Peumocystis carinii); Platyhelminthes (Diphyllobothrium, Taenia, Echinococcus, Hymenolepsis, Schistosoma, Fasciola, Clonorchis, Paragonimus); Nemathelminthes (Ascaris, Ancylostoma, Necator, Trichinella, Enterobius, Trichuris, Wuchereria, Loa loa, Dracunculus).Suggested Book(s):
Mechanism of blood coagulation, BT, CT, PT, APTT, thrombin clotting time, platelet function test, clot retraction, plasma recalcification time, prothrombin consumption index, estimation of fibrinogen, clot lysis time, hemophilia, cyto chemistry, thalassemia & haemoglobinopathies, definition, classification & lab diagnosis of anaema, polycythemia, definition & FAB, classification of leukemia, blood & bone marrow findings in AML, ALL, CML, CLL. Multiple myloma, methods of examination of blood film & reporting, LE cell phenomena, osmotic fragility test, ham’s test, G6PD estimation, automation & recent advances in haematological techniques.Suggested Book(s):
Introduction to clinical pathology, collection, preservation & transport of urine 24 hrs urine collection, urine sediment preparation, physical chemical & microscopic examination of urine, collection preservation & transport of stool, occult blood in stool, concentration techniques. Methods of collection of sputum, microscopic examination, sputum for AFB, collection & examination of semen, semen fructose determination, anti-sperm antibodies. Collection, transport & examination of CSF, examination by Gram & AFB staining, Biochemical tests, clinical significance, collection transport & macro & micro examination of other body fluids, transudates & exudates, synovial fluid, HCG, testing for pregnancy.Suggested Book(s):
ABO Grouping, Rh Grouping, Test for D Antigen, Compatability Test-Major and Minor cross matching, Coombs Test –Direct and Indirect, Screening of Blood for HIV, Screening of Blood for HBV, Screening of Blood for HCV, Screening of Blood for VDRL, Screening of Blood for Malaria, Preparation of Anticoagulants –ACD, CPD, CPDA, Demonstration of equipment/ material used in Blood Bank.Suggested Book(s):
Estimation of Glucose, serum creatinine, bilirubin, serum albumin, SGPT, serum triglycerides, serum cholesteraol, serum uric acid, serum urea, total protein, AG ratio, globulin fraction, serum alkaline phosphatase.Suggested Book(s):
Collection, transport & processing of specimen & stains, morphological study of fungi, lactophenol cotton blue mount, KOH preparation, India ink preparation, germ tube test, fungal culture, preparation of culture media, methods of culture, study of colony characteristics. Collection preservation & processing of stool specimen, examination of parasites in blood, stool examination for parasites & parasytic eggs by direct wet mount, concentration methods for stool, egg counting technique.Suggested Book(s):
Estimation of Bleeding Time, Estimation of Clotting Time, Estimation of Prothrombin Time, Estimation of APTT, Estimation of PTTK, Determination of Foetal Haemoglobin, Osmotic Fragility Test, LE Cell Phenomenon, Heinz Body Preparation, Determination of G6PD, Sickling Test on Blood, Hess’s Test, Clot Retraction Test, Demonstration of Slides of various kinds of Anaemia, Demonstration of Slides of various kinds of leukemiaSuggested Book(s):
HSP1211 Clinical Pathology Lab (0-0-2), 1 Credit
Physical chemical & microscopic examination of urine, stool, sputum, occult blood in stool, AFB staining of sputum, semen fructose determination, HCG testing for pregnancy in urine.Suggested Book(s):
Introduction to basic pathology, cell, tissue, organ & organ systems, injury & cell death, acute & chronic inflammation, repair & healing. Neoplasia, occupational diseases, normal blood vessel structure, artery, vein, their diseases. Normal myocardium diseases, structure of GIT, respiratory, urinary tract and reproductive system (male and female)Suggested Book(s):
Introduction of Cytology, Scope & other similar sciences, Exfoliative Cytology, Aspirational Cytology, Cell & its Organelles—structure, Function, Epithelium—Classification, Site, Functions, Morphological Difference between Normal & cancer cell, Bladder Irrigation for exfoliative Cytology, Fecal Occult Blood, Brush Cytology-Tao Brush, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC), Study of Vaginal Smear, Cervical Smear, PAP Smear, Buccal Smear, Vaginal Smear, Cervical Smear, Changes in vaginal Smear in various phases of menstrual cycle , Cervical Carcinoma & its classification. Introduction to basics of cytogenetics.Suggested Book(s):
Introduction to histopathology, histology and histopathological techniques, glassware, reagents, equipment and instruments, Responsibilities of a histotechnologist, Tissue processing, Fixation , Embedding , Microtomy , Staining , Mounting, mounting medias , Fixation and fixative, Decalcification, Cleaning procedure and reagents, Impregnation , Section cutting, Block preparation, Automatic Tissue Procedure, Knife , Honing and stropping, Mounting of museum specimens, Organization of museum, Frozen section, Staining procedure, Immunohistochemistry, Cytological Clinical Procedures-Concentration of specimen; Preparation of Smear; Fixation of Smear—Ether –Alcohol, Schaudinn’s Flud, Carnoy’s fluid, Staining of Smear- Papanicolaou Staining, Haematoxylin-Eosin Staining, Grunwald- Giemsa Staining, PAS Staining, Methods of Collection, Transport , macro & microscopic cytology of urine, Methods of Collection, Transport ,macro & microscopic cytology of Serous Fluids and Synovial fluid, Sample collection by Gastric Lavage, and from Oesophagus ,Stomach by EndoscopySuggested Book(s):
Centrifugation: Introduction, basic principles of sedimentation, types of centrifuges, preparative centrifugation, analytical centrifugation, Microscopy, Immunological Techniques, Cell and tissue staining techniques, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Chromatographic Techniques , introduction to biosensors, the future uses of antibody technology, Spectroscopic Techniques, Electrophoretic Techniques, Automated Blood Culture, Rapid Antigen tests, Advanced Antibody Detection.Suggested Book(s):
Health definition concept, standard of living, quality of life, hygiene, dimensions of health, determinants of health, indicators of health, levels of healthcare, natural history of disease, surveillance, monitoring, modes of intervention, organization of health systems, national health programs for tuberculosis, VBDCP, MCH, HIV – AIDS.Suggested Book(s):
Liver Function Tests: Bile salt and Bile Pigment Metabolism, Jaundice – types, LFT- SGOT, SGPT, SERUM BILLIRUBIN(DIRECT AND INDIRECT), Renal Function Tests: Kidney – Functions, Diseases, RFT- UREA, URIC ACID, CREATININE, renal clearance tests, Gastric Function Tests: Functions of Stomach, Lab tests, Cardiac Profile Tests: Introduction, Heart diseases, Lab tests for heart diseases (cardiac profile), Troponin T, qualitative and quantitative, Urinalysis :introduction, 24 hours urine sample collection, assays of protein, Ca, P, Urea, Creatinine, Uric acid, Quality Control: QA and QC of biochemistry, Automation in biochemistrySuggested Book(s):
Basics steps of tissue processing, preparation of fixatives and fixation, embedding, microtomy, staining, mounting, methods of preparation of tissue sections, paraffin section, colloid in embedding, frozen section, decalcification, tissue processing- manual/ automatic, section cutting and sharpening of microtone knife. Collection of samples and processing, cytological fixation and fixatives, collection and preparation of fluid sediment for cytological examination, preparation and fixation of sputum smears for cytology, preparation and fixation of vaginal and cervical smears for cytology, hormonal evaluation of vaginal smears, principles and staining procedure for PAP staining, principles and staining procedure – maygrunwarld staining, identification of cells, differentiation between malignant and benign cells.Suggested Book(s):
SGOT, Serum Acid Phosphatase, Serum Amylase, Serum Inorganic Phosphorus, Serum Electrolytes Na, PO4 , Ca++ , K, pH of Water, blood, serum, urine, plasma, Demonstration of equipments of biochemistry (colorimeter), Serum protein, Serum bilirubin, Determination of urinary calculus.Suggested Book(s):
Orientation to the Course and Ice Breakers, PPT- Importance of Life Skills, Introduction to Interpersonal Skills, Speaking Activity- Role plays, Industry Related Vocabulary and Jargons, PPT- Body Language , Speaking Activity- Role plays on Case Studies, PPT- Power Dressing , PPT- How To Make A Presentation, PPT- How to Present A Presentation + Assignment of Topics , Vocabulary (Verbal ability sheet), Introduction to Business communication (Formal letters) + Writing Practice- Formal Letters, Speaking Activity-Debate, Presentations by Students, Vocabulary (Verbal ability sheet), Case studies, PPT-Group discussion + Mock GD, Speaking Activity-Group discussion, PPT- Interview Skills, Mock Interviews.Suggested Book(s):
The CGPA (calculated on a 10 point scale) would be used to describe the overall performance of a student (from the semester of admission till the point of reckoning) in all courses for which LETTER GRADES will be awarded. GPA will indicate the performance of student for any particular semester. Formulas for calculation of GPA and CGPA has been provided as below:
Where n = number of subjects in the semester; N = number of semesters; GPAi = GPA for the ith semester; Cij = number of credits for the jth course in ith semester; and Gj = Grade point corresponding to the grade obtained in the jth course.
Table below shows the grade point for every valid grade, that may be awarded to a student pursuing a particular course:
|%Marks Range of total||Grade||Qualitative Meaning||Grade points|
'I' grade would be awarded to those students, who due to some reason or the other have not been able to appear in certain required number of evaluation components conducted for a course. Later 'I' grade would be changed to a relevant grade, once a student has fulfilled the requirement of appearing in certain number of evaluation components for a course.
Example to Understand the Calculation of GPA
Suppose a student is registered in four courses 'W', 'X', 'Y' and 'Z' in a particular semester as mentioned below in the Column - I of the table. Column - II in the table below depicts the number of credits, which those courses carried. At the end of the semester, student was awarded with the grades as mentioned in Column - III in the table given below. Column - IV indicates the corresponding grade weight. Column - V and Column - VI indicate essentially the Credit value and Grade Points for every course completed by a student in that particular semester.
|Course in Which student registered(Column - I)||Credits(Column - II)||Letter Grade Column - III||Grade Value (Column - IV)||Credit Value (Column - V)||Grade Points (Column - VI)|
|Course W||3||B-||6||3 x 6||18|
|Course X||3||A-||8||3 x 8||24|
|Course Y||3||A+||10||3 x 10||30|
|Course Z||2||A+||10||2 x 10||20|
Thus, the total GPA of the student would be =
Suppose the GPA of the student in two successive semesters is 7.0 and 8.0 with respective course credits being 12 and 11, then the